Turkish Armed Forces Natural Disasters Search and Rescue Battalion (NDSAR) was established with the direction of General Staff on May 31st, 2001 (after the August 17th 1999 earthquake) to carry out special tasks for natural or man-made disasters such as earthquake, conflagration, flood, avalanche, erosion or SAR missions for the missing personnel, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) -Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN)- attacks. NDSAR is well equipped and trained to carry out any assigned mission worldwide.
NDSAR has conducted given SAR tasks successfully at home and abroad regardless of the weather and terrain conditions so far and has the capability to accomplish any SAR mission in the future.
Erosions (Land Slides)
The Capability of Rapid Reaction and Deployment.
The Capability to conduct three different missions concurrently in irrelevant areas.
The Capability to conduct missions without requiring any logistic support including transportation.
The Capability to carry out the first aid and emergency application to a victim and the capacity to deploy the victim to a medical facility.
The Capability to communicate in any weather and terrain conditions by all means.
The Capability to carry out SAR missions in all weather conditions like drastic snow and extreme cold.
The capability to conduct SAR missions on rocky mountains that cause extreme difficult situations.
The capability to conduct SAR missions that require SCUBA skills.
The capability to conduct SAR missions under conflagration conditions.
The capability to conduct missions by using parachute and helicopter.
The capability to conduct SAR missions during disasters like dense snow, avalanche and severe weather conditions.
The capability to serve as a consultant in all SAR missions.
NDSAR is equipped with modern materials and equipment at international standards to perform its duties effectively. In addition the technological developments are being followed and the required materials and equipment are procured immediately.
The equipment and the materials of the NDSAR can be divided into three main groups. These are Personnel Standard Equipment, Team Standard Equipment and Mission Support Equipment.
The necessary equipment that is used personally in missions; Protective Helmet and Lantern, Mask, Harness, Protective Glasses, Respirator, Gas Mask, Overalls, Knee-guards, Boats, Flashlight, Protective Gloves, Bad Weather Conditions Suit and Pocket Stove.
These are the mechanic, optic and electronic equipment of the team members which are used in missions; Combined body harness for mountaineering, Victim lifting harness, Combined mountaineering kit, Various types of mountain ropes, Avalanche cord, First aid flasher, Ice hook, Ice saw, Quick down rope, Rescue rope, Projector, Lantern, Respirator system with bottle, Internal communication (INTERCOM) equipment, Hand radio, Back radio and Satellite phone (SATCOM).
This equipment contains all the materials and vehicles used by the NDSAR including all the equipment possessed by the Bn. HQs. in order to execute command and control; Rubble - Debris Removing Air Bags, Hydraulic Rescue Equipment, Concrete Cutters, Panther Saws, Voice Dosimeters, All Weather Tent, Thermal Camera, Unplugged Stretcher Contents, Snow Motorcycle, Snowshoes, Skis, Pneumatic Drill, Clean Air Compressor, Portable Crane, Portable Generator, Fire - Proof Suit, Fire Extinguisher, Various Kinds of Life Vests, Scuba Diving Equipment, Zodiac Boat, Tripod Crane System, Mountaineering Equipment of Various Types, Global Positioning System (GPS), Monitored Search Apparatus (Search Cam), Cable Communication System (CCS), Personnel Locator System (PLS), Rifle Launched Rope And Hook, CBRN Suit, Combined First Aid Kit, Trauma Kit, Portable First Aid Kit, First Aid Burn Kit, Inflatable Atel Kit, Various Kinds of Neckerchief, Welding Equipment, Search / Rescue Special Command/Control Vehicle, Search / Rescue Masson Dog Team Vehicle, İlk yardım özel müdahale kurtarma aracı and Special Rescue Vehicle.
The Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion Command was founded in Ankara on the 1st of September 1999 under the Gendarmerie Commando Special Operational Command in order to conduct search and rescue activities at all kinds of natural or man-made disasters which can occur within the country and abroad and in mountains, caves, canyons and underwater.
To carry out these duties, within the Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion, there are Disaster Search and Rescue Companies and Special Search and Rescue Company consisting of Mountaineering, Underwater and Dog Search and Rescue Teams.
The Gendarmerie Search and Rescue Battalion Command successfully have performed many search and rescue duties that require outstanding physical capabilities from its foundation up to now and a total of 348 citizens of whom 73 were alive and 275 were dead were sent to the competent authorities.
GENDARMERIE COMMANDO SEARCH AND RESCUE BATTALION COMMAND
Within the Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion, there are Disaster Search and Rescue Companies and Special Search and Rescue Company consisting of the Mountain Search and Rescue Teams, the Underwater Search and Rescue Teams and the Dog Search and Rescue Teams.
The duty of the Disaster Search and Rescue Teams is to conduct search and rescue activities in all kinds of man-made or natural disasters like earthquakes, avanlaches, floods or inundations and landslides.
Disaster Search And Rescue Team; Surveillance And Search Section (Surveillance and Search Section Commander, two Surveillance and Search Specialists and Disaster Search and Rescue Register and Security Liaison specialist) and RESCUE SECTION (Disaster Rescue Section Commander, four Disaster Rescue Specialists and Healthcare Professional) and consists of two elements.
It consists of totally 11 personnel.
The Underwater Search and Rescue Teams conduct search and rescue activities and the activities for searching and finding crime evidences for all emergency calls under and over water.
The Underwater Search and Rescue Team; Underwater Diver SAR Team Commander, Deputy of Commander of Underwater Diver SAR Team, Diver Recompression Chamber Operator, four Divers and five Diver Boat Operator and Light Vehicle Driver and consists of 12 elements.
It consists of totally 12 personnel.
Mountaineering Team conducts search and rescue activities in order to rescue casualties who are lost or wounded in mountains, canyons, cliffs, caves, draw wells and high-rise buildings.
Mountaineering Team; Mountaineering Team Commander, Deputy Commander of Mountaineering Team and eight Mountaineering Team Personnel and consists of 10 elements.
It consists of totally 10 personnel.
HIt conducts search and rescue activities for “survivors” in all kinds of natural or man-made disasters.
Dog Search And Rescue Team; Dog Search and Rescue Team Commander,10 SAR Dogs ve Dog Keepers ve three Light Vehicle Drivers and consists of 14 elements.
It consists of totally 14 personnel.
To conduct search and rescue activities in all kinds of man-made or natural disasters like earthquakes, avanlaches, floods or inundations and landslides and accidents;
To carry out search and rescue activities for people who have an accident, are lost or request help in places such as mountain, canyon, cliff, cave, wells and buildings;
To perform search and rescue activities abroad under the scope of humanitarian aid and in case that the Turkish General Staff approves upon requests of countries which are subjected to disasters;
To rescue casualties who have accidents on/in lakes, ponds, dams and to search and find crime evidences and people who are lost over and under water;
To give trainings about subjects falling into its areas of responsibility to the personnel of the related units or institutions and to conduct other duties to be assigned.
It can be ready to be deployed for a duty in 1 hour during working hours and in 3 hours after working hours;
After working hours, Force Ready for Mission waits for a mission in its corps;
Utility Helicopters standby for a mission in Gendarmerie Aviation Command ready to take off within 15 minutes;
It can perform search and rescue activities on a 24-hour basis:
- at 3 different points over and under water,
- in 8 different debris at the same time within the first 24 hours and in 4 different debris when 8-hour shifts are planned during earthquakes,
- in 10 different points at the same time in floods, inundations and landslides,
- in 5 different points at the same time in avalanches.
To conduct its duties effectively, the Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion has equipped with equipment and materials that are in compliance with the international standards. Moreover, the technological developments are followed closely, and necessary materials and equipment are supplied immediately.
Disaster / Dog Sar Team Personnel Equipment; SAR Overalls, SAR Coat, Knee Pad, Elbow Pad, Earthquake Boots, Helmet, Torch, Mountainer Backpacks, Sleeping Bag, Tent appropriate for 5 , Season, Fire Blanket, First Aid Kit
Underwater Sar Team Personnel Equipment; SAR Uniform, Neoprene Outfits, Dry Suit, Tube, Regulator, Alternate Air Source, Console, Buoyancy Compensator, Flippers and Bootee, Gloves
Mountaineering Team Personnel Equipment; Mountainer Suit, Mountainer Backpacks, Mountainer Boats, Helmet, Torch, Mountainer Backpacks, Sleeping Bags, Tent appropriate for 5-Season, First Aid Kit,GPS
Disaster Sar Team Equipment; Rescue Cylinder, Hydrolic Cutter’s Spare Edge and Chain Kit, Chargeable Drill, Electric Drill, Boring Hole, Electric Rotary Hammer Drill, Gasoline Rotary Hammer Drill, Plastik Sledge Hammer, Wacker Eh 23 Demolition Hammer, Electric Hammer Drill, Fire Extinguishing System, Generator, Hydrolic Power Supply, Power Supply Difuser, Air Cleaning Fan, Fire Rope Ladder, Air Compressor, Lightening Kit, Safety Air Cushion, Connecting Cable, Fireproof Cable, Hot Air Blower, Telescopic Ladder, Air Cushion Tubes, Toolbox, Debris Remover Air Cushion Kit, Helmet, Headlamp, Fresh Air Compressor, Tripod Crane System, Communication System within Team, Under Debris Monitoring System, Under Debris Surveillance System, Drill (Hole Digger), Megaphone, Fireproof Clothes, Respirator, Rescue Blanket , Bag Boots, Fireman Boats, Life buoy, Life vest, Ridge Rope, Inflatable Boat, Bootee, Wear Appropriate for caves, Buoyant Stretcher
Underwater Sar Team Equipment; Dry Suit, Vulcanized rubber suit, Semi-dry Suit and Shorty, Diving Helmet, Diving Gloves, Diving Bootee , Diving , Knife, Flipper, Diving Mask, Full-face Mask, Scuba Tube 10 lt./300 Bar, Buoyancy Vest (BC), Regulator, Snorkel, Scuba Computer, Alternate Air Source, Pulley, Blinker Torch, Flashlight, Projector, Underwater Scooter, Marking Buoy, Weights and Weight Belt, Underwater Communication System, Lead Covered, Fishing Ropes, Safety Collar, Buoy cord and weight, Surface Diving Console, Baloon for Lifting, Fuel One-Output Compressor, Compressor Fuel, Bathometer, Underwater Camera, Underwater Photo Camera, Binocular, Underwater Metal Detector, Surface Boat (12 personnel) 140 HP, Evidence Bag, First Aid Kit and Materials, Boat Trailer, Body Bags, Search Drag, Handheld Radio
Mountaineering Team Equipment; Baton, Bottom and Top Clothes, Bivy, Sleeping Bag, Mat, GPS, Rescue Blanket, Headlamp, Blinker, Sunglasses, Chemical Stick, Tent, Static Downslope Rope, Plant Adaptors, Accessory Cord, Thermos Bottle, Map, Satellite Telephone, Smoke Pot, Radio, HMS Carbiner, Locked D Carbiner, Screwed D Carbiner, Leather Gloves, Double Pulley, Single Pulley, Octet Downslope Device, Hand and Chest Jumar, Helmet, Water Bag, Middle Tier, Clothes, Cold Climate Clothes, Thermal Underclothes (Bottom and Top), Backpacks, Mountainer Backpack, Ski Gloves, Ice Plate, Hand-held Global Positioning System
Dog Sar Team Equipment; Dog for searching survivor, Dog Transfer Cage, Dog Food, Water Basket, Strap, Chest Protector, Leash, Fabric for Toys, Artificial Paw, Curry Comb, Curry Brush, Curry Towel and Shampoo, Curry Gloves, SAR Overalls and Coat, Helmet, Headlamp, Batteries for headlamp of the helmet, SAR Cap, Dust Mask, Dust Glasses, Gauntlet, Knee Pads, Elbow Pads, Earthquake Boots, SAR Raincoat, Poncho, Handheld Radio and Back up Battery, Charger for Radio, Backpack, Sleeping Bag, Mat, Tent
The Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion continues its trainings to carry out its duties countrywide in real terrain and weather conditions throughout the year effectively. It is aimed that the personnel who serve in the Battalion specialize in their areas by ensuring that they attend national and foreign courses in addition to the trainings about their duties.
The trainings are executed in real terrain conditions like mountains, seas, lakes, rivers, canyons and caves in various regions of our country.
The underwater SAR Team which was deployed in order to search and find the caterpillar operator Ekrem ŞAYIK who went adrift and lost after explosion of a vent as a result of water pressure during working that was carried out with the caterpillar on the 10th of February 2015 in the vent near the Kürtün Dam in Kürtün, Gümüşhane, carried out a search and rescue operation and the dead body of the operator was found.
Underwater SAR Team was deployed on the 11th of May 2015 to support the search and rescue operations for finding Yusuf KARATAŞ who fell into Çoruh River in Köprübaşi District, Centre, Artvin and was lost and his dead body was found as a result of the search and rescue operation.
In order to find Çağla ERGÜN who fell down and wounded while climbing at Küçükdemirkazık Summit, Aladağlar Region, Niğde on the 2nd of June 2015, the Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion’s Mountaineering Team personnel assigned to the Mountain Search and Rescue (Winter) Course as instructors were charged to rescue Çağla ERGÜN and she was rescued.
Underwater SAR Team was deployed in Gümüşköy Region at Altınordu, Ordu in order to find a man who couldn’t surface and was lost while scuba-diving in 7 / 8-squaremeter pond inside of a cave and the man was rescued in the end of the SAR operation.
The Underwater SAR Team was deployed in order to find Mesut KAPLAN who took a boat out for fishing at the Gelingüllü Dam in Emirhan Village in Sorgun, Yozgat and was lost as a result of capsizing his boat, the dead body of the man was found in the end of the SAR operation.
Underwater SAR Team was deployed in order to find Mustafa ERGEÇ who was considered to have fallen or jumped into the Kızılırmak River passing through Hasandede Village after he left his home in Bağlarbaşı District, Kırrıkale on the 17th of October 2015 and the dead body of the man was found in the end of the SAR operation.
In order to support security measures at “100th Commemoration Anniversary Ceremony of Çanakkale Naval Warfares”, in accordance with the order of the Gendarmerie General Command, (1) Disaster SAR Team consisting of 11 personnel and (1) Mountaineering Team consisting of 10 personnel from the Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion in the Gendarmerie Commando Special Operational Command were assigned for operation control to Çanakkale Provincial Gendarmerie Command since 13th of March 2015.
Pertaining to the Gendarmerie General Command’s message entitled “Unit Assignment” dated 1st of April 2015, (1) Disaster SAR Team consisting of 11 personnel and (1) Mountaineering Team consisting of 10 personnel were assigned for operation control to Çanakkale Provincial Gendarmerie Command since the 20th of March 2015 by the Gendarmerie Commando Special Operational Command.
Pertaining to the Gendarmerie General Command’s order entitled “Assignment of Search and Rescue Team” dated the 2nd of April 2015, (1) Disaster SAR Team consisting of 21 personnel (of which 3 are officers, 5 are non-commissioned officers, 5 are Specialist Sergeants and 8 are Contracted specialized sergeants) was assigned to the İstanbul Winter Exercise organized in Şile Port Area, İstanbul since the 9th of April 2015.
Pertaining to the Gendarmerie General Command’s order entitled “Anatolian Star-2015 Joint Search and Rescue Exercise Execution Order” No. HRK.:3700-241657-15/Eğt.D.Pl.Koor.Ş. Dent.Ve Değ.Ks. and dated 10th of April 2015, Anatolian Star-2015 Joint Search and Rescue Exercise was carried out in the international waters and airspace of the Aegean Sea and in the Turkish Search and Rescue Region between the dates of 5th-8th of May 2015, in Dumanlı Mountain (Menemen/İzmir) and international airspace and international waters.
(1) Mountaineering Team consisting of 12 personnel participated in the exercise.
CBRN Defence, Warning and Report Command Field Exercise was carried out on the 11th of May 2015 at the Exercise Center of the Turkish Land Forces Command (Şereflikoçhisar/Ankara) under the coordination of the Turkish Land Forces Command and the responsibility of the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) CBRN School and Training Center Command
(2) personnel participated in the exercise as observers.
EFES-2015 Joint Command Field Exercise was carried out without firing and closed for the press and observers in West Anatolia and Aegean Region between the dates of 4th of May 2015 and 4th of June 2015 by the Aegean Joint Special Task Force Command.
(2) personnel participated in the exercise as observers.
“Humanitarian Aid Exercise 2015” was carried out closed for the press at the Martry First Lieutenant Hasan ŞAHAN Corps between the dates of 3rd-5th of June 2015.
(1) personnel participated in the exercise as an observer.
The Search and Rescue Workshop hosted by the 3th Main Jet Base Command was carried out in Konya between the dates of 22nd-24th of June 2015.
A 15-minute presentation including the headlines of organizational structure, duties, assignment principles, organization, capabilities, training system, duties performed and experiences of the Gendarmerie Commando Search and Rescue Battalion Command in the Gendarmerie Commando Special Operational Command was made by Captain Ulaş TAŞTAN, who participated in the workshop on behalf of the Gendarmerie General Command.
The Gendarmerie Search and Rescue Teams have been established since 1998 in order to intervene effectively and promptly in occurrences in the places where mountaineering, winter and skiing tourism are widely popular.
The Gendarmerie Search and Rescue Teams are deployed in the Gendarmerie Station Commands in the places where the winter tourism is intensive and the regions that ski centres and mountaineering sports are widely popular. The total number of personnel is 10 of which 7 personnel are non-commissioned officers and 3 are specialized sergeants. And now, there are 9 search and rescue teams (Bursa (2), Bolu, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Niğde, Erzurum and Kars).
The personnel charged in the Gendarmerie Search and Rescue Teams are provided courses about summer and winter mountain search and rescue, search and rescue in avalanche and trainings and courses on driving oversnow vehicle and snow motorcycle in Sarıkamış, Kars. In the scope of the current training programs, on-the-job trainings of the trained personnel are continued at their corps.
Carry out search and rescue activities, perform patrol duties at ski tracks for security and public order purposes;
- Evacuate sick and injured people;
- Execute preventive law enforcement duties in mountainous regions and forestry areas; carry out the activities for the purposes of collecting intelligence and apprehending criminals, when necessary.
The personnel charged in the Gendarmerie Search and Rescue Teams are provided courses about mountain search and rescue in summer and winter, search and rescue in avalanche and trainings and courses on driving oversnow vehicle and snow motorcycle in Sarıkamış, Kars. In the scope of the current training programs, on-the-job trainings of the trained personnel are continued at their corps.
Equipment list of the Search and Rescue Teams; Signal and illuminating pistol, Submachine gun, Terrain-type patrol responder vehicle, Oversnow vehicle, Snow motorcycle, Telephone, Radio, Vehicular radio, Hand-held global positioning receiver, Night vision googles, Thermal binocular, Megaphone, Illuminating kit, Portative projector, Traumata set, Compass, Binocular, Mine detector, Camera, Navigation device.